Page 10 - A True Gospel Chronology from the Crucifixion to the Resurrection
P. 10

 We know or accept as fact, that Jesus was crucified on the fourteenth of the first month. We know that as the burial team worked to entomb Jesus, a sabbath was fast approaching.
Luke 23:54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.4
As it is today, so it was then, the day after the Fourteenth is always the Fifteenth. Jesus was placed in the grave as the fourteenth was ending and the fifteenth was beginning. We are told that as they were placing Him into the tomb, a sabbath was beginning. In Robertson’s Word Pictures, he comments on “drew on”,
Imperfect active, began to dawn or give light. However, it was sundown, not sunrise when the Jewish sabbath (twenty-four-hour day) began. The confusion is to us, not to the Jews or the readers of the Greek New Testament. Luke is not speaking of the twelve-hour day which began with sunrise, but the twenty-four-hour day which began with sunset.
In conjunction with this, when we get into the chronology, we will see that you cannot harmonize Mark’s account with Luke’s unless this sabbath of the Fifteenth is taken into account.
The Wave Offering
This is another witness of two Sabbaths during Passover week. According to Lev. 23:11, the priest "shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it." This sheaf was the first-fruits of the barley harvest. The priest was to wave it before the Lord on the day after the Sabbath. The question is, which Sabbath?
In the first century, there was a disagreement between the Sadducees and the Pharisees, as to which Sabbath this refers to. The Sadducees believed that it was a reference to the weekly Sabbath, i.e., the first weekly Sabbath after the Fifteenth.
4 In this verse, there is no article with ‘day’ or with ‘sabbath’. This verse can be rightly translated, “it was a time of preparation, and a sabbath was beginning to dawn.” The greek for day, ἡμέρα, can also be translated, time or period. [#2250] Technically, Preparation was a specific period in the day before a sabbath. This preparation period was from the ninth hour to sunset.
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